PART 1: It's Indian
National emblemOur national emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath, Lion capital of Ashoka. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell shaped lotus. Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the capital is crowned by the wheel of the law, Dharma Chakra.
It inspires us to march along the path of dharma slogging like bull yet remaining swift as a horse. The bell shaped lotus has been omitted. The words SATYAMEVA JAYATE- from Mundaka Upanishad, meaning truth alone triumphs- are inscribed below the abacus in the Devanagari script
for more information, read this article: National flag!
the following is Tagore's English rendering of the stanza:
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindhu, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida, Utkala and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of
Victory, victory, victory to thee."